Rehabilitate . Habilitate . Maintain

Music Therapy in Individuals with Neurologic Disorders

Neurodevelopment and neurorehabilitation
The human brain begins to develop from the moment of conception. Receives and interprets a lot of sensory information, controls a variety of simple and complex motor behaviors, and is capable of inductive and deductive logic. In this perspective, the lesions in certain brain regions cause inevitable disturbances in the corresponding functions. The degree of neuropsychological deficit and the recoverability of the same depends on the type and location of the brain damage as well as the evolution of the clinical episode.

Neuroscience has shown that the brain is not static and is able to modify and reorganize after neurological trauma. Is it possible to develop new neural pathways, which allows patients to (re)learn skills. The neuroplasticity is enhanced by the repetition of activities or movements. Through it an intrinsic (re)organization of the regions directly or indirectly affected by neurologic injury is performed. 

Music can affect us at the mental and physical level, transcending physical, emotional and cognitive barriers. Music therapy is beneficial because it can be adapted to the specific conditions of each patient. The therapeutic application of music to cognitive, sensory and motoric dysfunctions that occur from neurological pathologies constitutes the music therapy intervention. Clinical techniques focus on functional and therapeutic objectives of development and adaptation.
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Music therapy in the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

The term "Autism" comes from the Greek word "autos" meaning "self/I" and "ism" that translates an orientation or state. So, it is the state of someone who appears to be unusually absorbed in him or herself.
The most common aspects in ASD are relational and communication disturbances, perception and sensory integration/coordination problems and symbolic activity problems. However, the clinical expression varies greatly, not only from person to person as within each individual throughout the life cycle.

Music stimulates both hemispheres of our brain. Thus, it is possible to use it in support of a cognitive activity or to encourage communication and interaction with others.
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Music Therapy in Active Ageing

A Organização Mundial da Saúde define Envelhecimento Activo como o processo de optimização das oportunidades para a saúde, participação e segurança, para melhorar a qualidade de vida das pessoas que envelhecem.

Assim, a promoção da saúde constitui um processo para dar às populações os meios de assegurar um maior controle sobre a sua própria saúde e de a melhorar e representa um processo global, que compreende não só as acções que visam reforçar as aptidões e capacidades dos indivíduos, mas também as medidas que visam alterar a situação social, ambiental e económica, de modo a reduzir os seus efeitos negativos sobre a saúde pública e sobre a saúde das pessoas.

A musicoterapia oferece várias oportunidades para a promoção da saúde uma vez que a participação numa actividade musical fornece um sentimento de propósito de acção e progressão da expressão criativa, ao mesmo tempo trabalhando competências cognitivas, físicas, comunicacionais e sócio-emocionais.
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