Neurodevelopment and neurorehabilitation
The human brain begins to develop from the moment of conception. Receives and interprets a lot of sensory information, controls a variety of simple and complex motor behaviors, and is capable of inductive and deductive logic. In this perspective, the lesions in certain brain regions cause inevitable disturbances in the corresponding functions. The degree of neuropsychological deficit and the recoverability of the same depends on the type and location of the brain damage as well as the evolution of the clinical episode.
Neuroscience has shown that the brain is not static and is able to modify and reorganize after neurological trauma. Is it possible to develop new neural pathways, which allows patients to (re)learn skills. The neuroplasticity is enhanced by the repetition of activities or movements. Through it an intrinsic (re)organization of the regions directly or indirectly affected by neurologic injury is performed.
Music can affect us at the mental and physical level, transcending physical, emotional and cognitive barriers. Music therapy is beneficial because it can be adapted to the specific conditions of each patient. The therapeutic application of music to cognitive, sensory and motoric dysfunctions that occur from neurological pathologies constitutes the music therapy intervention. Clinical techniques focus on functional and therapeutic objectives of development and adaptation.